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Strategic Motivations for the Mumbai Attack

STRATFOR: Strategic Forecasting Inc. In its weekly series of articles has discussed the motivations behind the attacks in Mumbai, I think its definitely worth reading to better understand the issue with a more neutral perspective without getting embroiled in a heated Indo-Pakistan debate

Last Wednesday evening, a group of Islamist operatives carried out a complex terror operation in the Indian city of Mumbai. The attack was not complex because of the weapons used or its size, but in the apparent training, multiple methods of approaching the city and excellent operational security and discipline in the final phases of the operation, when the last remaining attackers held out in the Taj Mahal hotel for several days. The operational goal of the attack clearly was to cause as many casualties as possible, particularly among Jews and well-to-do guests of five-star hotels. But attacks on various other targets, from railroad stations to hospitals, indicate that the more general purpose was to spread terror in a major Indian city.

While it is not clear precisely who carried out the Mumbai attack, two separate units apparently were involved. One group, possibly consisting of Indian Muslims, was established in Mumbai ahead of the attacks. The second group appears to have just arrived. It traveled via ship from Karachi, Pakistan, later hijacked a small Indian vessel to get past Indian coastal patrols, and ultimately landed near Mumbai.

Extensive preparations apparently had been made, including surveillance of the targets. So while the precise number of attackers remains unclear, the attack clearly was well-planned and well-executed.

Evidence and logic suggest that radical Pakistani Islamists carried out the attack. These groups have a highly complex and deliberately amorphous structure. Rather than being centrally controlled, ad hoc teams are created with links to one or more groups. Conceivably, they might have lacked links to any group, but this is hard to believe. Too much planning and training were involved in this attack for it to have been conceived by a bunch of guys in a garage. While precisely which radical Pakistani Islamist group or groups were involved is unknown, the Mumbai attack appears to have originated in Pakistan. It could have been linked to al Qaeda prime or its various franchises and/or to Kashmiri insurgents.

More important than the question of the exact group that carried out the attack, however, is the attackers’ strategic end. There is a tendency to regard terror attacks as ends in themselves, carried out simply for the sake of spreading terror. In the highly politicized atmosphere of Pakistan’s radical Islamist factions, however, terror frequently has a more sophisticated and strategic purpose. Whoever invested the time and took the risk in organizing this attack had a reason to do so. Let’s work backward to that reason by examining the logical outcomes following this attack.

An End to New Delhi’s Restraint

The most striking aspect of the Mumbai attack is the challenge it presents to the Indian government — a challenge almost impossible for New Delhi to ignore. A December 2001 Islamist attack on the Indian parliament triggered an intense confrontation between India and Pakistan. Since then, New Delhi has not responded in a dramatic fashion to numerous Islamist attacks against India that were traceable to Pakistan. The Mumbai attack, by contrast, aimed to force a response from New Delhi by being so grievous that any Indian government showing only a muted reaction to it would fall.

India’s restrained response to Islamist attacks (even those originating in Pakistan) in recent years has come about because New Delhi has understood that, for a host of reasons, Islamabad has been unable to control radical Pakistani Islamist groups. India did not want war with Pakistan; it felt it had more important issues to deal with. New Delhi therefore accepted Islamabad’s assurances that Pakistan would do its best to curb terror attacks, and after suitable posturing, allowed tensions originating from Islamist attacks to pass.

This time, however, the attackers struck in such a way that New Delhi couldn’t allow the incident to pass. As one might expect, public opinion in India is shifting from stunned to furious. India’s Congress party-led government is politically weak and nearing the end of its life span. It lacks the political power to ignore the attack, even if it were inclined to do so. If it ignored the attack, it would fall, and a more intensely nationalist government would take its place. It is therefore very difficult to imagine circumstances under which the Indians could respond to this attack in the same manner they have to recent Islamist attacks.

What the Indians actually will do is not clear. In 2001-2002, New Delhi responded to the attack on the Indian parliament by moving forces close to the Pakistani border and the Line of Control that separates Indian- and Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, engaging in artillery duels along the front, and bringing its nuclear forces to a high level of alert. The Pakistanis made a similar response. Whether India ever actually intended to attack Pakistan remains unclear, but either way, New Delhi created an intense crisis in Pakistan.

The U.S. and the Indo-Pakistani Crisis

The United States used this crisis for its own ends. Having just completed the first phase of its campaign in Afghanistan, Washington was intensely pressuring Pakistan’s then-Musharraf government to expand cooperation with the United States; purge its intelligence organization, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), of radical Islamists; and crack down on al Qaeda and the Taliban in the Afghan-Pakistani border region. Former Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf had been reluctant to cooperate with Washington, as doing so inevitably would spark a massive domestic backlash against his government.

The crisis with India produced an opening for the United States. Eager to get India to stand down from the crisis, the Pakistanis looked to the Americans to mediate. And the price for U.S. mediation was increased cooperation from Pakistan with the United States. The Indians, not eager for war, backed down from the crisis after guarantees that Islamabad would impose stronger controls on Islamist groups in Kashmir.

In 2001-2002, the Indo-Pakistani crisis played into American hands. In 2008, the new Indo-Pakistani crisis might play differently. The United States recently has demanded increased Pakistani cooperation along the Afghan border. Meanwhile, President-elect Barack Obama has stated his intention to focus on Afghanistan and pressure the Pakistanis.

Therefore, one of Islamabad’s first responses to the new Indo-Pakistani crisis was to announce that if the Indians increased their forces along Pakistan’s eastern border, Pakistan would be forced to withdraw 100,000 troops from its western border with Afghanistan. In other words, threats from India would cause Pakistan to dramatically reduce its cooperation with the United States in the Afghan war. The Indian foreign minister is flying to the United States to meet with Obama; obviously, this matter will be discussed among others.

We expect the United States to pressure India not to create a crisis, in order to avoid this outcome. As we have said, the problem is that it is unclear whether politically the Indians can afford restraint. At the very least, New Delhi must demand that the Pakistani government take steps to make the ISI and Pakistan’s other internal security apparatus more effective. Even if the Indians concede that there was no ISI involvement in the attack, they will argue that the ISI is incapable of stopping such attacks. They will demand a purge and reform of the ISI as a sign of Pakistani commitment. Barring that, New Delhi will move troops to the Indo-Pakistani frontier to intimidate Pakistan and placate Indian public opinion.

Dilemmas for Islamabad, New Delhi and Washington

At that point, Islamabad will have a serious problem. The Pakistani government is even weaker than the Indian government. Pakistan’s civilian regime does not control the Pakistani military, and therefore does not control the ISI. The civilians can’t decide to transform Pakistani security, and the military is not inclined to make this transformation. (Pakistan’s military has had ample opportunity to do so if it wished.)

Pakistan faces the challenge, just one among many, that its civilian and even military leadership lack the ability to reach deep into the ISI and security services to transform them. In some ways, these agencies operate under their own rules. Add to this the reality that the ISI and security forces — even if they are acting more assertively, as Islamabad claims — are demonstrably incapable of controlling radical Islamists in Pakistan. If they were capable, the attack on Mumbai would have been thwarted in Pakistan. The simple reality is that in Pakistan’s case, the will to make this transformation does not seem to be present, and even if it were, the ability to suppress terror attacks isn’t there.

The United States might well want to limit New Delhi’s response. U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice is on her way to India to discuss just this. But the politics of India’s situation make it unlikely that the Indians can do anything more than listen. It is more than simply a political issue for New Delhi; the Indians have no reason to believe that the Mumbai operation was one of a kind. Further operations like the Mumbai attack might well be planned. Unless the Pakistanis shift their posture inside Pakistan, India has no way of knowing whether other such attacks can be stymied. The Indians will be sympathetic to Washington’s plight in Afghanistan and the need to keep Pakistani troops at the Afghan border. But New Delhi will need something that the Americans — and in fact the Pakistanis — can’t deliver: a guarantee that there will be no more attacks like this one.

The Indian government cannot chance inaction. It probably would fall if it did. Moreover, in the event of inactivity and another attack, Indian public opinion probably will swing to an uncontrollable extreme. If an attack takes place but India has moved toward crisis posture with Pakistan, at least no one can argue that the Indian government remained passive in the face of threats to national security. Therefore, India is likely to refuse American requests for restraint.

It is possible that New Delhi will make a radical proposal to Rice, however. Given that the Pakistani government is incapable of exercising control in its own country, and given that Pakistan now represents a threat to both U.S. and Indian national security, the Indians might suggest a joint operation with the Americans against Pakistan.

What that joint operation might entail is uncertain, but regardless, this is something that Rice would reject out of hand and that Obama would reject in January 2009. Pakistan has a huge population and nuclear weapons, and the last thing Bush or Obama wants is to practice nation-building in Pakistan. The Indians, of course, will anticipate this response. The truth is that New Delhi itself does not want to engage deep in Pakistan to strike at militant training camps and other Islamist sites. That would be a nightmare. But if Rice shows up with a request for Indian restraint and no concrete proposal — or willingness to entertain a proposal — for solving the Pakistani problem, India will be able to refuse on the grounds that the Americans are asking India to absorb a risk (more Mumbai-style attacks) without the United States’ willingness to share in the risk.

Setting the Stage for a New Indo-Pakistani Confrontation

That will set the stage for another Indo-Pakistani confrontation. India will push forces forward all along the Indo-Pakistani frontier, move its nuclear forces to an alert level, begin shelling Pakistan, and perhaps — given the seriousness of the situation — attack short distances into Pakistan and even carry out airstrikes deep in Pakistan. India will demand greater transparency for New Delhi in Pakistani intelligence operations. The Indians will not want to occupy Pakistan; they will want to occupy Pakistan’s security apparatus.

Naturally, the Pakistanis will refuse that. There is no way they can give India, their main adversary, insight into Pakistani intelligence operations. But without that access, India has no reason to trust Pakistan. This will leave the Indians in an odd position: They will be in a near-war posture, but will have made no demands of Pakistan that Islamabad can reasonably deliver and that would benefit India. In one sense, India will be gesturing. In another sense, India will be trapped by making a gesture on which Pakistan cannot deliver. The situation thus could get out of hand.

In the meantime, the Pakistanis certainly will withdraw forces from western Pakistan and deploy them in eastern Pakistan. That will mean that one leg of the Petraeus and Obama plans would collapse. Washington’s expectation of greater Pakistani cooperation along the Afghan border will disappear along with the troops. This will free the Taliban from whatever limits the Pakistani army had placed on it. The Taliban’s ability to fight would increase, while the motivation for any of the Taliban to enter talks — as Afghan President Hamid Karzai has suggested — would decline. U.S. forces, already stretched to the limit, would face an increasingly difficult situation, while pressure on al Qaeda in the tribal areas would decrease.

Now, step back and consider the situation the Mumbai attackers have created. First, the Indian government faces an internal political crisis driving it toward a confrontation it didn’t plan on. Second, the minimum Pakistani response to a renewed Indo-Pakistani crisis will be withdrawing forces from western Pakistan, thereby strengthening the Taliban and securing al Qaeda. Third, sufficient pressure on Pakistan’s civilian government could cause it to collapse, opening the door to a military-Islamist government — or it could see Pakistan collapse into chaos, giving Islamists security in various regions and an opportunity to reshape Pakistan. Finally, the United States’ situation in Afghanistan has now become enormously more complex.

By staging an attack the Indian government can’t ignore, the Mumbai attackers have set in motion an existential crisis for Pakistan. The reality of Pakistan cannot be transformed, trapped as the country is between the United States and India. Almost every evolution from this point forward benefits Islamists. Strategically, the attack on Mumbai was a precise blow struck to achieve uncertain but favorable political outcomes for the Islamists.

Rice’s trip to India now becomes the crucial next step. She wants Indian restraint. She does not want the western Pakistani border to collapse. But she cannot guarantee what India must have: assurance of no further terror attacks on India originating in Pakistan. Without that, India must do something. No Indian government could survive without some kind of action. So it is up to Rice, in one of her last acts as secretary of state, to come up with a miraculous solution to head off a final, catastrophic crisis for the Bush administration — and a defining first crisis for the new Obama administration. Former U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld once said that the enemy gets a vote. The Islamists cast their ballot in Mumbai.


26 Comments

  • Usman |

    @Teeth Maestro

    You know what I am tired of Pakistanis apologetic attitude. And no this article by stratfor isn’t neutral. Why every finding leads to Pakistan? No finding ever leads to RAW. Have you ever noticed, despite the fact that the trouble in our west has a lot to do with RAW, everyone just simply misses it and we have this attitude of feeling guilty everytime, everytime something bad happens. Govt. simply doesn’t have the courage to point this out to our eastern neighbour, to the extent that then ISI had to come out to explain it, who are not really supposed to be holding press conferences. Even China complains us that trouble in their Sinkiang province is our act. Everyone simply calls us and orders us; send him, do this, give us people on this list. And we say, YES SIR! How much should we bend to this pressure? Are we a banana republic? I am sick of this.

  • Teeth Maestro |

    Usman – I fully can relate to your opinion – I choose NOT to bend over backwards to appease the Indians or for that matter Americans. But for now I believe we are NOT in a position to take on battles with India. Our internal situation is so screwed up that I fear these international suggestions of aggression will only splinter this already fragile nation which I and you love dearly

    I agree that the evidence they have ‘cooked up’ is more or less a blatant fabrication. But to say that Pakistan is not involved is not ‘unimaginable’ India has made use of the Afghan border conflict and funds the insurgents in that region to destabilize the country, we have enough evidence BUT our leaders [past and present] choose to shove it under the carpet. We are covering up the mess on one side of the border [which has all signs of Indian embassy involvement] but are blown helter skelter when India choose to blame us for Mumbai.

    Sadly in this propaganda war Pakistan was caught on the wrong foot. Was India involved in the Marriott bombing – “I suspect a very good likelihood” its not the actually bomber who need to be India – India just needs to pick and fund a frustrated Pakistani / Afghani and show him the way. Even in the Mumbai issue the cover up has all signs of hiding the evidence while the propoganda machine choose to up the pressure – and Congress wants to win dearly in the next elections –

    I feel Pakistan emotionally is drained, most of the people have lost the sense of patriotism and are embroiled in a ethnic tussle while others are busy looting the nation. The rest of us are bystanders watching the circus, you and me might be vocal – but are we being heard? and do we really matter?

    Im as much proud to be a Pakistani as you are – will die for this country – but not like to be sucked into someone elses war.

    My sharing of this article somehow does expose the vested interests that the indians also have – that I feel needs to be played far more – Congress & RAw both need to put pressure on PAKISTAN to ensure their dominance in the world

  • Salim |

    Article presents interesting theory but lacks substance. The story is built on the preconceived idea that elements from Pakistan were involved in this incident and the writer didn’t even bother to explain source of his conviction for this assumption. If the idea is to set an assumption and then built a story based on the fact that who would be the main beneficiary of this situation, let’s just assume for a change that extremist Hindu elements were behind this event and start counting the benefits that they would reap out of this situation. You would end up agreeing to the fact that Hindu extremist and BJP may also be suspected to mastermind and conducting these attacks. Surely I am not a strategic expert by any means but even I can count the following minimum benefits that these elements can get out of this event:
    1. Mass support ahead of the elections
    2. A place beside US as another large democracy under enormous threat by the Islamists. This position may further elevate India’s standing among the rest of the nations, generate international sympathy and enhance possibilities to get a leading global role (UN Security Council’s permanent membership etc.)
    3. The situation provides leverage to India to suppress independence movement in Kashmir
    4. Use the situation to keep pressure on Pakistan and its intelligence agencies which have not only successfully anticipated India’s intentions and failed them but have taken more aggressive approach against Indian’s strategies in the past
    5. Arm-twisting of Pakistan’s government to crush Islamist elements which India considers as a serious threat to its security and an obstacle against its expansion plans for greater India
    6. Denting investigations which were under process against Indian Military Officials and extremist groups involved in various terrorist activities inside India. Think which were the first causalities within an hour of the recent Mumbai attacks?
    7. Derailing peace process between India and Pakistan which is just not acceptable to Hindu extremist sections. If they can’t live with equality with different lower Hindu sects, how can one accept their sincerity with Muslim Pakistan?
    It is advisable that while pointing fingers towards Pakistan, one must keep the past incidents of terrorism in India including the burning of Samjhta Express in focus which were carried out by Indian extremist groups with the inclusion of Indian military officials while the debris was initially thrown on Pakistan. Any expert intending to analyze such incidents and Indo-Pak relations must study the history between the two nations before even picking his pen to write a word. Pakistan’s existence is just not acceptable to extremist elements in India which have deep influence in Indian politics, Government, policies and strategies. On the other hand, we Pakistanis must show restraint, act like a responsible nation, don’t react in kind, prepare a strong case and present it in front of international community forcefully at all forums. It is also important to analyze the information provided by the Indian Government with open mind and if found true, take stern action against such elements that are against peace and could create such difficult situation for the whole nation. Extremists and terrorist have no religion and should not be supported anywhere by anybody at any cost. The world must realize that Newcons, Zionist and Hindu extremist are at least as deadly as the Islamic militants and one cannot eliminate Islamic extremism without wiping out extremists from their own ranks.

  • KarimG |

    If this is India’s 9-11, then the same hands that were really behind 9-11 need to be closely looked at. Although the involvement of so called “Islamists” can not be completely ruled out but like 9-11 same characters that were not investigated in that case seem to be in play here. Some examples:
    1-What to make of the reports that some of the attackers had stayed as ‘guests’ at the Nariman house in the days prior to the attack? (Notice the eerie similarity of how the Arab hijackers of 9-11 were living very close to certain people prior to the attack)
    2-What to make of the eye witness accounts that some of the attackers drank beer before they started shooting in Leopold Restaurant (notice the similarity with the alleged actions of what is reported about Ata in the days before 9-11) and that they were ‘white’.
    3-No demands, no statements, nothing, just like 9-11, is the most striking element.
    4-One of the survivors who heard them speak said that he believed that they had accent of people from Indian Punjab.
    5-The death of anti-terror chief Karkare who it appears was close to unmasking some thing big about previous attacks is also some thing to consider.

    And there are number of other information that simply don’t add up. Could it be that these young men were patsies. There are powers that want India and Pakistan to go to war. Elements of Indian establishment have lately been pushing closer security relations with a certain country that can be safely said to be the enemy of Muslim countries and controls US politics BY THE BALLS.

    We know today, Entebe hijaking was false flag, Bologna bombing was false flag, PAN AM over Scotland is unresolved, Gulf of Tonkin never happened, Pearl Harbour perhaps was not a surprise attack, and we obviously do not have adequate explanation on how two planes brought down three buildings on 9-11.

    And the authors of articles that keep pushing the extremist Islamists idea following each attack have become boring, there might be some thing else at play here!

  • farrah k raja |

    INDIA AND PAKISTAN should PUT ALL THIS CRAP AND NON SENSE
    of ISI and RAW,USA and TErrorists on one side and LET US FACE THE ISSUE.
    REAL ISSUE IS KASHMIR;INDIA AND CHINA SPACE MISSION
    no doubt USA has dictated first WAR ON TERROR TO PAKISTAN
    From NOWHERE since 1997 it has very successfully raised the issue of separating TIBET from China
    and now it wants a new dispute in ASIA.
    When WALL STREET has become WALL MART why would it like India & China to act responsibly so first use PAKISTAN and INDIA to make India weak and than China will be met.
    China is a mutual and responsible friend of INDIA and Pakistan.

  • farrah k raja |

    So I believe we have to resolve Kashmir issue now with China.

  • Barrister Ali K.Chishti |

    Well Pakistan need’s a serious introspection and a major surgery into the Kashmir Operational Network working in Punjab & Azad Kashmir.

    I) Giving India people like Moulana Masud Azher is one option.
    II) Stop the drama of Kashmir Mujahideen Council

    While India should stop the blaming game. Bravo to the Americans for saving our arse – even if it’s for their own interests.

  • KarimG |

    Barrister…Americans saving our arse???
    Coming again on that please!

  • Barrister Ali K.Chishti |

    Well the Americans have made it absolutely clear to the Indians through diplomatic channels to ease the pressure on Pakistan while Pakistan is asked to do more. There’s a lot I happening on ground and K-Block is working professionally to defuse the situation – this is in no-one’s interest and totally, “unwanted”.

    Bhai my question is

    “IF THE TERRORISTS INVOLVED IN MUMBAI ACT ARE BRITISH PAKISTANIS WOULD THE INDIANS HOLD THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT RESPONSIBLE?”

    Of course not! At a same time we Pakistan have to think why 7/7 bombers came to Pakistan – Shezad Tanvir is buried in Pakistan and atleast 3 of the 4 apart from Ladsley came to Pakistan for training.

    There’s something wrong in Pakistan and the ex-ISI garbage like Masud Azher & other folks are involved in dodgy activities – we should seriously put our house in order before these folks plan another 7/7, 9/11 Khudanakhusta!

  • Barrister Ali K.Chishti |

    While Pakistan Army should do more in FATA and yesterday’s attack in Peshawar is a signal that the Taliban’s are inside Peshawar now (if you call Hyatabad, Peshawar then..LOL)…We need to go hard in the tribal belt with fresh and more troops before summers and seriously start to spend more on intelligence networks.

    Our newly formed Office of the National Security Advisor at the Prime Minister’s Secretariat needs more investment and has a good co-ordination with the three intelligence agencies although the role of the office to should be expanded at a same time. It’s a great step.

  • kaangeya |

    I am from S. India and have a v. different take on things. For all you guys going bonkers over RAW, do you know that last week a woman employee of RAW created a scene threatening to jump out of the window in her office alleging harassment? And how many of you know that when the sanitation workers of Karachi – all Hindu were being butchered during the Partition Pogrom in 1948, Jinnah intervened on their behalf and assured them safety because there was (and still is) no Muslim in Pakistan who will do their job. But in Bangladesh (then E. Pakistan) Jogendranath Mandal – the Scheduled Caste member of Jinnah’s Cabinet returned to India in disgust when as he claimed it was better living as a Scheduled Caste in India where a fellow member of his caste was penning the Constitution and upper castes were working with their hands to end untouchability rather than live as a Dhimmi in Pakistan!

  • Karim |

    kaangeya, we are perhaps one of the most unfortunate and misruled country there is…having said that, lay off please. Your country has failed as miserably in protecting its official policy, secularism and the life and dignity of your citizens of different minorities. Your ruling class`s latest efforts to play the bitch for foreign powers is going against all the honourable principles of Gandhi. Go and read what Mahatma said about the occupiers of Palestinian lands and be ashamed of your present day leaders for their unprincipaled stand. Your `democracy` has already sold its soul once in UN on the Iranian vote. Your fake CNN, your fake Wolf Blitzers, your media's cheap low tech versions of sensationalism disguised as news dont make you modern or American (if that was ever some thing to be proud of). No, now those same powers that gave us Afghanistan, Iraq and many other situations around the world are hell bent on getting you guys in the mix and like the blind sheeple that most of us here in this part of the world we are, you are eager and willing to do their bidding. In the end brown skinned people will kill a lot of other brown skinned people. Get your f$%^&*g 14 or so consulates out of that hellhole called Afghanistan, certainly there is no excuse for it if you are not looking for trouble. And if you are not any body's bitch and a superpower then act like one and get people of that known global cancer out from your midst. In the meantime lets all pray and keep our fingers crossed that sane people on both sides will find a way out of this shit without further bloodsahed.

  • farrah k raja |

    Today London Metro says that MUMBAI Gunmen “high on drugs”.
    Terrorists who launched the deadly attacks across Mumbai were high on drugs throughout their assualt ,it has emerged.They had syringes on them and traces of LSD and cocaine were found in their blood.This explains why they managed to battle the commandos for over 50 hours with no food or sleep”said an official.”
    ———–
    Which official ,not quoted.How much money INDIAN BUSINESSMEN have spent in India,USA and UK on media compaign to show Pakistan is the root of all evil.Yet it seems this media whirl wind is turning into abyss of stupidity.With LSD and cocaine even the drugs are so stupid ,if it had been ecstacy perhaps it would have made more sense.(This technique is so innovative for soldiers:)
    ———————–
    THIS ATTACK WAS NOT JUST A TERROR ATTACK:
    A JEWISH RABAI and his innocent wife out of the way have been delibrately targetted.Not much attention is being paid to this INSTEAD INDIA is diverting the attention of world media towards PAKISTAN.THE WORLD including Pakistanis has its eyes on INDIA to provide answers .
    WE WANT TO KNOW WHAT EXACTLY HAPPENED?
    WHO WERE THESE PEOPLE?
    WE WANT TO KNOW WHO KILLED JEWISH FAMILY ?WAS IT TERRORISTS OR WAS IT INDIAN COMMANDOS TACTIC GONE WRONG?
    It is time for answers not the media circus.World is watching and waiting and it seems it would not go away.INDIAN COMMANDOS were involved in the operation and they addressed the MEDIA completely out of way .Provide solid evidence to Pakistan and International world and than ask Pakistan to take action?If Pakistan refuses than only think of attacking Pakistan.
    Even BUSH launched war on the basis of media compaign and false reports but it seems LIES EVEN WHITE WASHED REMAINS LIES.
    WELL OBAMA AND HILLARY ,I like the body language,open,friendly and close so unlike BUSH and Condaleza Rice,standing alone with no emotion on the face.
    I hope India will understand the body language of new White House.
    2008 World has to celebrate to GET RID OF BUSH.

  • Saim Baig |

    India has given the same list of 20 people that it gave 4 years back.The point is “Pakistan should respond by giving a list too.In which people like Colonel Prohit are included,who are the killers of several Pakistanis”

  • farrah k raja |

    USA citizens were attacked ,USA got two countries down.
    British were attacked they have tried to address the situation through dialogue and by winning hearts and mind and they are successful.
    India got attacked they wanted to attack us.
    We are being attacked in KARACHI AND IN NWFP…..WHAT IS OUR GOVERNMENT DOING FOR US?
    ETHINIC OR INTERNAL<RELIGION,RAW what ever name government puts on at the end it is poor people of PAKISTAN WHO ARE DYING ?WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
    We have all supported our governemnt despite differences we will support but it must do more than winning ALTAF BHAI on KARACHI ,this city must be made accesable to rest of Pakistanis,jobs should be provided,I do not see why a city of most important strategic position SEA PORT is lacking in jobs?WHEN RUSSIA <AFGHANISTAN AND CHINA NEEDS to trade through our waters.WHY Business is not progressing and why we see that ,PUNJABI OR PATHAN is taking away the jobs from muhajirs.It is a city full of resources and business oppertunities,why we live in fear and poverty.
    NWFP should be free of war and AFghanistan should be made liveable for people of Afghanistan so that immigrants from Pakistan can go back.
    Why Pakistan has failed to progress and provide the oppertunities of improving lives in NWFP,and in SAWAT,NARAN <KAGHAN.HAlf of the world wants to visit these places.
    I am not blamming this government for the above ,this degeneration has taken place over the years .
    HOW WE ARE GOING TO REVIVE IT IS THE QUESTION?Altaf Bhai represents people,PEOPLE RELATE TO HIM.
    I would request ALL MEMBERS OF HIS PARTY AND TO ALTAF BHAI THEY MUST DO MORE TO PRESERVE THE CITY AND OPEN UP BUSINESSES .
    KARACHI KAI QUAID-I-AWAM ,ALTAF BHAI I WILL ACCEPT HIM A LEADER WHEN HE WILL provide OPPERTUNITIES TO THE OPPRESSED BE IT MUHAJIR,PATHAN OR PUNJABI.

  • farrah k raja |

    QUAID-I-AWAM OF KARACHI ,ALTAF BAHI PEOPLE NEED JOBS AND PEACE.

  • farrah k raja |

    Well I have one thing in common with ALTAF BAHI we are both Bristsh citizens.We both miss PAkistan(I am sure he does)
    We both need same securities and oppertunities and freedom as we enjoy here.
    ALTAF BHAI
    BE A LEADER OF CITY OF LIGHTS OF LIFE OF HOPE beyond KARACHI AND HYDERABAD,whole of PAKISTAN IS OURS.PAKISTAN CANNOT PROGRESS WITHOUT KARACHI,show us your vision ,compasion and progressive side.